SCHOOL BUILDING PLANNING. MAIN TYPES OF SYSTEMS (PLANS) OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS

  • Elitsa Ivanova Ch. Assist. Prof. Dr. Arch University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Sofia, Bulgaria
Keywords: School, building, students, class, classes, age, urban

Abstract

How to Design School Buildings? Student(s), their number and age have the gratest impact on the school buildings;
• To plan a school well, it must first be clear which age groups of students it will be for;
• How many students will be there in each age group;
• How many classes in each grade will be in the building.
Following the study of children of various age groups, looking at the specifics of emotional development and various physical characteristics, it becomes clear to a large extent what is necessary to make them feel good in the school building.
The parameters of the individual rooms and buildings for educational activity are also determined on the basis of the applicable rules for town planning, the regulations for designing buildings and facilities, and the standards related to school buildings, hygiene standards and fire construction and technical requirements.
The complex study of all elements of the building, their interrelations, as well as the number and age of the students, in the context of the urban planning parameters and the requirements of each individual employer, determine the area and scale of design of the school buildings. Taking into account also the recent studies and trends for the good functioning of this type of buildings, a complex composition of elements, parameters and conditions may be obtained.

References

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Published
2019-07-31
Citations
How to Cite
Elitsa Ivanova. (2019). SCHOOL BUILDING PLANNING. MAIN TYPES OF SYSTEMS (PLANS) OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS. World Science, 1(7(47), 18-31. https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ws/31072019/6586
Section
Architecture and Construction
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