ESTABLISHMENT AND CURRENT STATE OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES IN AZERBAIJAN AND TURKEY
The development of psychology in Azerbaijan is closely linked with the opening of the first higher education institutions in the country since the 1920s. In 1919, Baku State University, the first higher education institution in the republic, and in 1921, the first Pedagogical Institute were established. Departments of pedagogy and psychology and the first psychology laboratories were established in these universities. The first psychology laboratory in the country was organized in 1926 under the leadership of prominent psychologist F. Ibrahimbeyov at Baku State University, where psychological devices such as chronoscope, tachistoscope, visual adaptometer, audiometer, ergograph, etc. were installed.
The development of psychology as a science in our republic began in the 20s and 30s of the last century, and at that time there were no national psychologists. Therefore, Russian scientists, Azerbaijani philosophers, pedagogues and neurologists taught psychology in the newly opened universities. Among them, the services of A.O. Makovelsky, A.K. Zakuzade, F.A. Ibrahimbeyov, H.B. Shakhtakhtinski, S.N. Hajiyev, V.I. Mustafayev and others should be especially noted.
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