INPUT- AND OUTPUT-BASED GRAMMAR INSTRUCTION IN TEACHING ENGLISH AFTER GERMAN
The article dwells on the peculiarities of instruction and the role of input and output for teaching English grammar to prospective teachers of foreign languages whose major and first foreign language is German. The aim of the survey is to analyze approaches to designing instruction for the second language grammar teaching and develop activities providing effective teaching of the grammar of English for the students with previous experience in learning German as their first foreign language. The emphasis is made on the usage of processing instruction for presenting target forms that entails input-based instruction as a means for transfer enhancement during grammar teaching and a model raising students’ grammar comprehension. As far as production skills constitute one of the aspects of our investigation, we investigated the role of output-based instruction. Grammar teaching deals with grammatical forms and their usage in a particular context. Thus, developing input-based and output-based grammatical activities, we suggested activities that demonstrate the grammatical form and clarify its structure, provide possibilities for comparison of grammatical structures in English and German. The proposed output-based task provides productive grammatical skills development. The focus on form is supported with tasks explicating meaning. Consequently, the connection between grammatical form and its meaning in a certain context is provided. Tasks are communicatively oriented.
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