International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science <p style="line-height: 1.5;"><strong>p-ISSN:</strong> 2544-9338<br><strong>e-ISSN:</strong> 2544-9435<br><strong>DOI:</strong> 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss<br><strong>OCLC Number:</strong> 1036501433<br><strong>Publisher:</strong> RS Global Sp. z O.O., Poland<br><strong>Subject area:</strong> Social Sciences<br><strong>Submission to publication:</strong> 49 days<br><strong><span class="sc-hwwEjo cdchLr">Acceptance rate: </span></strong><span class="sc-kPVwWT hZDpyF">55%</span></p> en-US <p>All articles are published in open-access and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). Hence, authors retain copyright to the content of the articles.<br>CC BY 4.0 License allows content to be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, re-published or otherwise re-used for any purpose including for adaptation and commercial use provided the content is attributed.</p> (RS Global, Editorial office (journals department)) (Technical Support) Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 FAKE NEWS, MISINFORMATION AND DISINFORMATION ABOUT COVID-19 IN SOCIAL MEDIA DURING THE PANDEMIC AND POST-PANDEMIC TIME (CASE OF GEORGIA) <p>Spreading fake news and disinformation is one of the global challenges over the last years. It is a challenge for Georgia too. This acute problem was also current at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, when a number of misinformation appear in the social media as well as in the traditional media, regarding the origin and spread of the coronavirus, especially in Facebook which is the most popular social network in Georgia. A lot of fake news was spread and is still being spread in the post-pandemic period too. The Goal of this research paper is to explore the attitudes of Georgian Facebook users, specifically what kind of fake news and disinformation they met about Coronavirus in social media, how to identify them, how much they tried to verify them, how to explain their spread, how to fight them, etc. In order to explore this issue a social constructivism framework is used. As for the main research method, this study is based on the qualitative approach. For this purpose, the method of in-depth interviews - with Georgian active internet users – has been conducted. The respondents are doctors, journalists as well as representatives of different academic fields, who possess media literacy skills.</p> Dali Osepashvili Copyright (c) 2023 Dali Osepashvili Fri, 17 Feb 2023 20:21:24 +0000 THE ROLE OF THE FAMILY IN THE SOCIALIZATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL, CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES <p>In today's world, great attention is paid to the protection of children's rights and the process of their socialization. This is mainly due to the increasing statistics of forced labor, involvement in crime, rape, bullying, abandonment, beating, etc towards children, both in the family and at school. In order to study the process of socialization of a person (a child) in the family, we addressed two methods of research: field research through a questionnaire and expert research, the analysis of which revealed very interesting facts and opinions. The article also lists the measures that were implemented to address the problems associated with effectively managing the process of socialization of an individual in the family In addition, there are opinions of experts on the process of socialization of the child in the family given, as well as the recommendations of the authors, the implementation of which will help to raise public awareness about the processes of socialization of the individual in the family, which will reduce the fact of violation of children's rights and make this process effective. The article also provides a list of measures that will help in effectively managing the process of socialization of the individual in the family, namely:</p> <p>• The master's program "Education Science" (in Georgian and English languages) will integrate the course - Child Rights and Advocacy;</p> <p>• The subject “Child rights and advocacy” will also be included in the 60-credit integrated master and bachelor teacher training program;</p> <p>• The subject ”Child rights” was integrated in the bachelor's program "Preschool Education".</p> Nargiza Karkashadze, Tengiz Kuprashvili, Tinatin Gugeshashvili Copyright (c) 2023 Nargiza Karkashadze, Tengiz Kuprashvili, Tinatin Gugeshashvili Sat, 18 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 EVOLUTION OF ENTREPRENEURIAL CONTRACTS DEVELOPMENT: BRIEF HISTORICAL DIGRESSION <p>The scientific assumptions on this or that legal phenomenon are based on its' historical development and legal understanding. The entrepreneurial contracts have their great role in the development of business relations regulation. The article refers to the phenomenon and gives light to the legal framework and understanding of the contract and its role in different time periods on the development of business relations.</p> Gayane Marukyan Copyright (c) 2023 Gayane Marukyan Wed, 08 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 EUROPEAN GUIDEBOOKS AS A GENRE OF TOURISM DISCOURSE: HISTORICAL OVERVIEW AND MODERN CLASSIFICATION <p>The article studies the formation of the travel guidebook as a genre of tourism discourse, whose key features are a high degree of generalization, the accuracy of information, impersonality and persuasion. The tourist guide is an applied genre and also a cultural representation of the past of a city or region. Moreover, the guidebook is a historical object, which can say a great deal about both the destination that it describes and the culture in which it is made, as well as the values of society in the period when it was written. The main stages of the genre development are researched on the material of specific printed guidebooks.&nbsp; Particular attention is paid to European guidebooks. The article highlights some socio-cultural peculiarities that influence the development of the genre. The paper also provides the classification of modern tourist guidebooks and shows their changing role in the digital era. While more people report using the Internet for travel, guidebooks are still rated as the most influential source of information by travellers. The findings suggest that both the uses and the value types of guidebooks are related to emerging information communication technologies.</p> Tetiana Didkovska Copyright (c) 2023 Tetiana Didkovska Thu, 16 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 UNIFICATION OF EDUCATIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL FORECASTING IN THE UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST SOVIET REPUBLIC OF THE PERIOD 1930-1940 <p>The article is devoted to the problem of the unification of educational and pedagogical forecasting in the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic of the period 1930-1940. The author emphasizes that the unification of educational and pedagogical forecasting in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic of the period 1930-1940 hid the threat of a social explosion, led to the strengthening of the national course to build a communist society. All this affected the invariant component of the content of educational and pedagogical forecasting in the context of dominant socio-economic (industrialization, collectivization) and political (monopolization, curtailment of Ukrainization) factors. During the studied period, we focus on the spread of state institutions of higher pedagogical education, in particular, industrial-pedagogical institutes, institutes of social education, pedagogical technical schools, which determined new conditions for staffing higher schools. We also emphasize the search for the optimal model of the functioning of the education system and the development of numerous teacher training projects.</p> Cherniak S. G. Copyright (c) 2023 Cherniak S. G. Fri, 17 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OVERVIEW OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CHSE CERTIFICATION IN HOTEL SERVICES IN THE YOGYAKARTA SPECIAL REGION OF INDONESIA <p>The impact of Covid-19 has brought more attention to tourism. The scale of the threat and risk posed by the Covid-19 pandemic is significantly reducing the willingness of tourists to stay in hotels. Cleanliness, Health, Safety and Environmental Sustainability (CHSE) promotes a clean, healthy, safe and friendly environment. CHSE is a policy implemented by the government, specifically the Indonesian Ministry of Tourism and Creative Industries, to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to review the impact of the pandemic on the hotel service sector and the extent of the implementation of CHSE in the hotel service sector in the special region of Yogyakarta. This study was conducted to see the extent to which CHSE certification is applied to the hotel sector in the Yogyakarta area. Data collection was carried out with secondary data presented on the official government website regarding CHSE-certified hotels, data for all hotels both in terms of room availability, number of rooms in the era before the pandemic and after the epidemic. Then analyzed with descriptive statistics and SPSS analysis with paired t-test for further discussion and conclusions drawn. Based on this research data, it is known that COVID-19 has a significant impact on tourist visits and the number of hotel rooms sold. The number of tourists both local and tourists foreign experienced a significant decline at the peak of the pandemic in 2020 in a row (p=0,016) and (p=0,032), but began to rise again in 2021. Likewise, the number of hotel rooms sold experienced a significant decline at the peak of the pandemic in 2020 (p=0,000) but began to rise again in 2021. data on This study also shows that the number of hotels that have been certified CHSE is still very low in the special area of Yogyakarta, which is 18.79%, so it is recommended that more hotels apply for CHSE certification to increase tourist interest in staying, visitor satisfaction, and a sense of trust and comfort visitors.</p> Sapto Hariyono, Sujoko Copyright (c) 2023 Sapto Hariyono, Sujoko Sat, 18 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE LIFE OF QUEER INDIVIDUALS IN BAKU, AZERBAIJAN <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span style="color: #0e101a;">The following article aims to give brief information about the queer community and individuals in Baku city, Azerbaijan. The paper includes historical views and interviews with LGBTQI+ individuals in mentioned geography. The changes within years have analyzed briefly. The interviews with community individuals brought insights and reflections about the investigated topic. All in all, the paper represents a piece of brief but fruitful information to understand the queer life and societal mental values within the frames of the Azerbaijan Republic. The Caucasus region’s queer community is complex and most oppressed. </span></p> Aydin Aghayev Copyright (c) 2023 Aydin Aghayev Sat, 18 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 FIRIDUN BEY KOCHERLI-LITERATURE SCIENTIST, GREAT INTELLECT AND THE TEACHER <p>As for the main research method, this study is based on the qualitative approach. For this purpose, the method of in-depth interviews - with Georgian active internet users – has been conducted. The respondents are doctors, journalists as well as representatives of different academic fields, who possess media literacy skills. This year marks the 160th anniversary of the birth of the well-known literary scholar, publicist-writer, critic and translator Firidun Bey Ahmed Agha Oghlu Kocherli. He left his name in memory as a creator of the history of literary literature who had exceptional services in the history of public opinion of the Azerbaijani people, the author of "Gift to Children", a collector of folk literature, and a person who had an exceptional service in the formation of a great army of teachers. F. Kocherli was born on January 26, 1863 in the city of Shusha, the cultural capital of Azerbaijan and the home of poetry. The main period of his life, literary and pedagogical activity was connected with the Transcaucasian Teachers' Seminary, founded in 1876 in the city of Gori, Georgia, known as the Gori Teachers' Seminary.</p> Yegana Gasimova Copyright (c) 2023 Yegana Gasimova Fri, 24 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 COLUMN GENRE IN AZERBAIJAN LITERATURE HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT <p>The feuilleton genre has a wide and very interesting history of development in Azerbaijani literature. What happened in the social and political life of the people, the weight of social processes, the difficulty of life, the problems caused by the war and the occupation made it a necessity in the writing style of the environment. The development of the periodical press and the hard realities of life necessitated the feuilleton as a form as the most concise and brilliant artistic example of social consciousness. It has created the necessary conditions for the timely investigation of specific areas of hard life truths. H. Zardabi, H. Vazirov, J. Mammadguluzade, N. Narimanov, U. Hajibeyli, H. I. Gasimov, A. Gamkusar, etc. it is impossible to study and research the rich creative activity of writers in isolation from the columnist's creativity. In general, the period of fiction, as well as column, comes to the press literally with the publication of "Akinchi" newspaper. "Akinchi" newspaper fought against formalism on a large scale in the world of literature and art in general. A typical example of this is clearly shown by the attitude towards religious - lamentation literature and other fields. Lamentism, which has no importance for the progress of the people, gives way to different approaches and special sensitivity is shown to its harmful aspects. All these and other problems are expressed in detail in the column.</p> Simuzar Aliyeva Copyright (c) 2023 Simuzar Aliyeva Fri, 24 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 DRUNKONYMS IN ENGLISH (BASED ON B. FRANKLIN’S “THE DRINKER”S DICTIONARY”) <p>The article is devoted to the study of drunkonyms in English. “Drunkonym” is a linguistic term used to denote lexical units depicting a person’s alcohol intoxication. There are too many synonymous words and phrases in English for “Drunk.” Such kind of words and idioms exist in all languages, but their number is extremely big in English. There are several dictionaries called “Drunktionaries” in English. In the article one of the most famous dictionaries of this type “The Drinker’s Dictionary” by B. Franklin is scrutinized. The classification of drunkonyms is made according to different criteria (according to their degree of intensity, according to their positive or negative connotation, according to figurative language used in them). The analysis revealed that most of the drunkonyms do not describe positive attributes of character nor desirable states of mind. “Drunkeness” as a concept is of negative character but in English there are some positive lexical units denoting alcohol intoxication. The analysis also showed that many phraseological units depict an intoxicated person’s condition through idiomatic zoonyms. Besides there is a group of idiomatic drunkonyms containing toponyms, phytonyms and anthroponyms. Drunkonyms in B. Franklin’s dictionary may fall into several categories: literary, neutral and colloquial (slangy, vulgar, disphemic). Phraseological Drunkonyms are based on the following stylistic devices: metaphor, metonymy, euphemism, simile and irony.</p> Thea Shavladze Copyright (c) 2023 Thea Shavladze Fri, 24 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 EMPOWERING ACCOUNTING EDUCATION: A STUDY ON MICROSOFT EXCEL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS <p><strong>Purpose- </strong>The aim of this research is to know the level of Microsoft (MS) excel knowledge and skills in the broad field of accounting education. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Design/methodology/approach- </strong>The survey questionnaire is designed as a research instrument and distributed to graduate students enrolled in an accounting course from Oman universities. 142 questionnaires were gathered using Google Forms and analyzed using the partial least-squares structural equations modeling (PLS-SEM) technique.</p> <p><strong>Findings-</strong> The findings show that both MS Excel knowledge and skills are most important and developing MS excel skills in accounting education suggest that the Omani accounting education system might do more to give opportunity for students to thrive in their future careers.</p> <p><strong>Research limitations/implications- </strong>The findings provide MS knowledge and skills of accounting graduates in Oman's higher educational institutions (HEIs). In particular, this study sheds light on the skills that accounting students want and how relevant these skills for Omani graduates.</p> <p><strong>Practical Implications- </strong>Some modifications to accounting education are proposed to enhance accounting students' MS skills.</p> <p><strong>Originality/value- </strong>Because there is a lack of specific research on MS excel knowledge and skills in accounting education in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, this study contributes to the body of expertise on MS skills in GCC countries, especially in Oman.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Safa Saif Alobaidani, Maitha Fahad Albattasi, Mohammed Muneerali Thottoli Copyright (c) 2023 Safa Saif Alobaidani, Maitha Fahad Albattasi, Mohammed Muneerali Thottoli Sat, 25 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000