International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science <p style="line-height: 1.6;"><strong>Original and Review articles</strong><br>p-ISSN: 2544-9338<br>e-ISSN: 2544-9435<br>DOI: 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss<br>OCLC Number: 1036501433<br>Publisher - RS Global Sp. z O.O., Poland<br>Subject areas: Social Sciences</p> RS Global Sp. z O.O. en-US International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science 2544-9338 <p>All articles are published in open-access and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). Hence, authors retain copyright to the content of the articles.<br>CC BY 4.0 License allows content to be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, re-published or otherwise re-used for any purpose including for adaptation and commercial use provided the content is attributed.</p> FEATURES OF ANXIETY DISORDER IN WOMEN OF DIFFERENT AGES DURING PREGNANCY ACCORDING TO THE TAYLOR ANXIETY SCALE <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The article deals with the problem of anxiety disorders in pregnant women, the mechanisms of development of increased anxiety in pregnant women and the psychological and physiological causes that make them. A theoretical analysis of the problem of increased anxiety in pregnant women and the reasons that cause it are presented. Anxiety noted by the most pregnant women is believed to be a major factor in allowing the line between women with normal physiological pregnancy and complicated pregnancy. The results of an empirical study showing differences in the manifestation of anxiety states in pregnant women in different trimesters of pregnancy and depending on the age of the pregnant woman are highlighted. Based on J. Taylor's method of determining anxiety in the survey of pregnant women, we found high and extremely high anxiety in almost half of them. Analyzing the manifestations of anxiety levels in pregnant women of all ages, we found a low preference for the youngest pregnant women in the sample − in 40% of young women under 20 years age. In different trimesters of pregnancy, anxiety manifests itself differently, namely, in the second trimester, most women experience the lowest levels of anxiety, while in the first and third trimesters, women experience the highest levels of anxiety, which may be due to many factors, including early pregnancy and fear of childbirth at the end.</p> </div> </div> </div> Molotokas Antonina Copyright (c) 2020 The author 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7150 EVALUATION OF THE PSYCHOTRAUMA AS A RESULT OF SEXUAL ABUSE <p>The investigation of crimes against the sexual integrity of children requires the use of special psychological knowledge, which is due to the specifics of the most illegal actions and characteristics of children. Background is in the absence of developed protocols for investigating cases of sexual abuse of children. The given information of the article is based exclusively on the results of practical experience of the psychological expertise’s. The article describes the author's approach to the study of children - victims of sexual violence and presents the results of research protocol for assessing the signs of psycho-trauma of a child due to sexual violence.</p> Kozlova Anna Georhiivna Copyright (c) 2020 Kozlova Anna Georhiivna 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7151 PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY OF FUTURE SPECIALISTS OF THE CIVIL DEFENCE SERVICE <p>The essence of the concept of “responsibility” and “professional responsibility of a rescuer” is revealed in the article; the psychological foundations of the development of responsible behavior are analyzed; the main ways and means that ensure the success of the process of the responsibility formation, the main pedagogical conditions for improving educational activities and the formation of responsibility among the cadets are presented.</p> Mokhnar L. I. Fomych M. V. Diachkova O. M. Kryshtal M. A. Copyright (c) 2020 Mokhnar L. I., Fomych M. V., Diachkova O. M., Kryshtal M. A. 2020-09-08 2020-09-08 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7152 LINGUOCOGNITIVE ASPECT OF THE TRANSLATION OF SUSTAINABLE WORD COMPLEXES (BASED ON RUSSIAN AND AZERBAIJANI LANGUAGES) <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The article deals with one of the main and actual problems of modern translation studies - the transformation of sustainable word complexes, namely, the principles of translating SWC through the prism of the linguocognitive aspect. An attempt is made to reveal the main linguistic and translation aspects of the transformation process through the prism of the communicative function of these units in the context. Using examples that demonstrate the versatility of metaphorical thinking, the depth of the translation process is revealed, taking into account the comparison of the cognitive, cultural and pragmatic aspects of languages. By highlighting specific phenomena, each author of a work of art conceptualizes the world, filling the realities of existence with meanings, thereby constructing their own reality. The article proves that in the process of translation there is a problem of correlation of concepts presented in the USC, expressed in the relations of "content plan" and "expression plan", and related discursive possibilities for comparing these semantic categories in the translation language. Given this fact, it is possible to linguistically confirm many of the provisions concerning the content of the SWC concept. Namely, drawing a parallel between different ways of thinking, the comparison of certain concepts "spills out" the irregularities of the linguistic-cognitive worldview, that is, in order to identify these discrepancies, the article provides a conceptual analysis of options by comparing two different languages.</p> </div> </div> </div> Leyla Ilyas Hamidova Copyright (c) Leyla Ilyas Hamidova 2020-08-14 2020-08-14 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7153 THE ISSUE OF DENATIONALIZATION IN HISTORICAL PROSE OF I. NECHUI-LEVYTSKYI (THE CASE OF NOVEL “KNIAZ JEREMIAH VYSHNEVETSKYI”) <p>The article considers the format of figurative thinking of the classic of Ukrainian realistic literature of the XIX century – I. Nechui-Levytskyi – in the field of historical prose. The novel “Kniaz Jeremiah Vyshnevetskyi”, which considers the problem of denationalization, is analysed. The peculiarities of the author's optics in tracking the formation of conformist features and later a renegade, in the descendant of the glorious Ukrainian family of Jeremiah Vyshnevetskyi are recorded. The author's opinion on the role of education, objective realities and individual psychology in the processes of formation and deformation of personality on the example of the protagonist of the work, the prototype of which was a real historical figure, is taken into account.</p> Yaroslava Volodymyrivna Vilna Copyright (c) 2020 Yaroslava Volodymyrivna Vilna 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7154 THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE THROUGH DISTANCE LEARNING (from work experience) <p>The scientific article deals with the problems encountered in the teaching of Russian as a foreign language to foreign students through distance learning (DL) under conditions of the coronavirus pandemic and quarantine measures taken worldwide. DL has become the only form of education available in many countries of the world. The author speaks about the problems of access of students and teachers to Internet resources, about the selection and use of various Internet platforms in the process of DL. The author shares his experience in organizing and administering lessons, midterms and examinations online. In the article, the author discusses the advantages and disadvantages of DL, the academic, psychological problems of students and teachers, the need for electronic content for each educational programs, ICT competency development courses for teachers and improving DL management. The author sets out the tasks to be carried out by the officials of the Ministry of Education, universities and by teachers ahead of the new school year. The pandemic is ongoing and every effort should be made to use DL in a wider format.</p> Musabayova Narmin Chingiz Copyright (c) 2020 Musabayova Narmin Chingiz 2020-08-21 2020-08-21 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7155 THE ESSENCE AND CONTENT OF THE COMMUNICATIVE COMPONENT OF READINESS OF FUTURE MANAGERS TO CREATE A HEALTH-ORIENTED ENVIRONMEN OF THE ORGANIZATION <p>The essence and content of communicative component of the readiness of future managers to create a health-oriented environment of the organization are substantiated. The communicative abilities of future managers are characterized. The change of communication types inherent future managers before and after the experiment is analyzed. The dynamics of qualitative changes in the levels of formation of the communicative component in control and experimental groups of students before and after the experiment is presented.</p> <p>It is declared that health-oriented managerial behavior of future managers, their activities related to the dissemination of information about the effectiveness of health-preserving technologies in the work environment depend on their communicative abilities. The results of the introduction of the author's complementary-integrative pedagogical technology of formation the readiness of future managers to create a health-oriented environment of the organization in terms of influences on the development of their communication skills are presented. The obtained experimental data allow us to conclude that the absolute average value of qualitative changes in the level of the communicative component after the experiment in the experimental groups of students is higher compared to control groups of students (by 14.4%), and the coefficient of efficiency is 12.52%. This fact indicates the effectiveness of the implemented complementary-integrative pedagogical technology of formation of future managers' readiness to create a health-oriented environment of the organization.</p> Olga Zavydivska Copyright (c) 2020 Olga Zavydivska 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7160 STUDY ON THE RITUAL ARCHITECTURE OF LUOYANG CITY IN HAN AND WEI DYNASTIES <p>The author of this article reviews the architectural style of Luoyang City during the Han and Wei dynasties by studying historical data, analyzes its architectural style characteristics from a historical perspective, and provides some suggestions for later scholars to study Chinese ancient architecture.</p> Jin Lipeng Copyright (c) 2020 Jin Lipeng 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7161 PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF PERSONS WITH A HOMOSEXUAL ORIENTATION <p>The article analyzes the social and psychological factors of psychological well-being of the individual. The results of psychological well-being between homosexuals and heterosexuals were examined and compared. The complexity of studying the phenomenon of psychological well-being is due to the fact that the mechanism of its formation is in the social environment and in the inner world of man. An attempt is made to reveal their essence on the basis of researches in world and national science. The components that provide positive personality functioning are analyzed and investigated: autonomy, environmental management, personal growth, positive relationships with others, presence of life goals and self-acceptance. Psychological well-being of the individual is considered as an integral indicator of the degree of realization of the personality of one's own orientation, which is subjectively manifested in feelings of happiness, satisfaction with life and oneself. It is concluded that this phenomenon touches on all aspects of people's lives, both homo- and hetero-orientations, and therefore, a person with any sexual orientation is capable of self-actualization, self-development, life satisfaction and the exercise of one's choice.</p> Kamsheko Katerina Copyright (c) 2020 Kamsheko Katerina 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7172 SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING FOR ADOLESCENTS, AIMED AT PREVENTING AND OVERCOMING THE NEGATIVE MANIFESTATIONS OF LONELINESS EXPERIENCE <p>The article is devoted to the theoretical and methodological study of the problem of experiencing loneliness in adolescence and empirical testing of the developed program of socio-psychological training to overcome and prevent the negative manifestations of loneliness.<br>The purpose of the study was to test the effectiveness of the developed training, which was performed in three stages. At the ascertaining stage, the indicators of adolescents' loneliness, level of satisfaction with certain aspects of school life, level of development of vitality, self-esteem and emotional abilities (empathy, expression and management of emotions, acceptance of responsibility for one's emotions) were determined. At the formative stage, training was conducted with two groups of adolescents, each of which included 15 participants. At the control stage, the differences between the indicators of loneliness experienced by adolescents, the level of satisfaction with certain aspects of school life, the level of vitality, self-esteem and the level of development of emotional abilities before and after the study participants were tested. For the control group, the differences between the indicators of the first and second sections were also checked.<br>The results of the formative stage of the study indicate the effectiveness of the implemented program of socio-psychological training for adolescents. Comparative analysis of the indicators of the first and second sections confirmed the positive changes in the experimental group after the training.</p> Olga Diachok Copyright (c) 2020 Olga Diachok 2020-08-24 2020-08-24 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7173 FORMATION OF SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF MIGRANT CHILDREN IN THE CONTEXT OF EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM <p>The article describes the results of the implementation of the program of social and psychological adaptation of migrant children from the war zone and the temporarily occupied districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions. The results of the observational phase of the study indicate that migrant children have high rates of aggression, irritability, negativity, resentment and suspicion. Many migrant children are ignored by their classmates and have the status of isolated, which indicates a low level of their adaptation to the new educational environment. The molding experiment was conducted in an educational institution. The comprehensive program is designed to take into account the age of migrant children: primary school students and students of middle and senior classes. The description of the developed program of social and psychological adaptation which contains exercises and training employments is provided. The results of the formative experiment showed a positive dynamics of socio-psychological adaptation of migrant children, which indicates the effectiveness and feasibility of a comprehensive program, which was used in secondary school. The program included a variety of classes and exercises, such as reducing anxiety, increasing self-esteem, relieving fears, developing communication skills. In addition, the joint work of migrant children in the group helped to unite children of different nationalities, cultures, and encouraged mutual respect and tolerance.</p> Khachaturyan Yu. R. Copyright (c) 2020 Khachaturyan Yu. R. 2020-08-27 2020-08-27 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7174 PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF PATRIOTIC EDUCATION <p>As part of the research, a retrospective analysis of scientific developments on various aspects of professional training of future teachers was made. The state of development of theoretical and methodological bases of professional training of future teachers of physical culture in General and professional readiness for the formation of Patriotic values in particular was revealed. Research in the field of organizing the process of Patriotic education of children and young students, both national and foreign experts, was highlighted.<br>The main goal was to study the theoretical and methodological foundations of developing a system of professional training of future physical culture teachers to form Patriotic values of students in a modern educational institution. Important issues of professional training of future teachers was highlighted. The importance of using modern newest technologies, methods, and educational innovations was proved, using the accumulated national and foreign experience in training a professional. The importance of forming professional competencies of future physical culture teachers was revealed. According to the results of the study, it has been established that recently the interest of national and foreign scientists has only increased in the context of improving the process of forming the professional readiness of future teachers for teaching activities in today's conditions. As part of the scientific search, we have found that in foreign literature in the context of professional training of future teachers, as well as improving the professional activities of teachers-practitioners, scientific developments on the use of information technologies are carried out using Facebook for the professional development of teachers and students of pedagogical specialties. By identifying the state of development of theoretical and methodological foundations of professional training of future physical culture teachers in General and professional readiness to form Patriotic values in particular, it is established that the scientific achievements of modern national and foreign teachers are mainly focused on such problems as: search for new forms and methods of training in the preparation of future teachers of physical culture in the context of educational reform and increasing requirements for relevant specialists (L. Nikiforova); improving and modernizing the content of professional training of students of physical culture in the conditions of European Integration of national education (P. dzhurinsky, S. Burdyuzha); improving the process of training future specialists in physical culture with the help of innovative approaches and its humanization (R. Akhmetov, V. Shaversky); orientation of the content of professional training of future teachers of physical culture and the use of various forms and methods of training in the field of formation of their readiness to educate physically, mentally, spiritually and socially healthy citizens of Ukraine (L. Sushchenko); development of conceptual provisions for training future specialists in the field of physical culture and sports (N. Stepanchenko); research on the level of confidence and self-efficacy of physical education teachers (E. Öncü); adaptation processes of future physical culture teachers in real conditions of teaching physical culture in secondary education institutions (W. Zayed, M. Zguira, N. Souissi, N. Bali);problems of self-regulation of future teachers of physical culture (S. Kudin) and others.</p> Poluliashchenko Iurii Copyright (c) 2020 Poluliashchenko Iurii 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7175 THE IMPACT OF PANDEMIC ISOLATION ON THE PROCESS OF EDUCATION <p class="normal" style="margin-bottom: 10.0pt; text-align: justify;">This work discusses the problems of modern education due to the social and economic impact of COVID-19 on society, and it is an attempt to describe the new reality for many educators, along with prescriptions for mitigating the overall burden on the education process by imposing specific national and European policies. The theoretical narrative aims at informing the researchers in the area of education, as well as teachers, educators and to expand the horizons of many students, explicitly majoring in early education and pedagogy on important current topics of modern culture.</p> Violeta Lyubomirova Georgieva-Hristozova Copyright (c) 2020 Violeta Lyubomirova Georgieva-Hristozova 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7176 THE ROLE OF INNOVATIVE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE IMPROVEMENT AND FORMATION OF STUDENTS’ SPEAKING SKILLS AT ENGLISH LESSONS <p>The issues of teaching a foreign language using computer technology are considered in this article. Moreover, the article gives the concept of such a term as the communicative activity of students, that is, practical knowledge of speaking skills in a foreign language; lists the tasks of the teacher, whose role is to enhance the speech activity of each student in the educational process, creating a situation for their creative activity. The article provides evidence that the use of computer technologies in the classroom makes it possible to move from reproductive forms of educational activity to independent, creative types of work, where the emphasis is on the formation of students' communicative culture and the development of skills in working with various types of information and its sources.</p> Zulfizar Karimova Copyright (c) 2020 Zulfizar Karimova 2020-09-07 2020-09-07 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7177 THE EFFECT OF THE TRIBAL JALWA ON THE EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT OF THE DESCENDANTS OF THE COMMUNITY FAMILIES AND THE SONS OF THE FUTURE SOCIETY OF AL-JALWA <p>The study aimed to find out the effect of the tribal glow on the educational attainment of the children of the community families and the children of a future society of the Jilwa, an exploratory study in one of the villages of Karak, and this study is considered a new study about the damages resulting from the tribal glow on the university academic achievement of the children of the community families and families receiving the glow, and the impact on Their thinking in the future and how they choose scientific majors in universities, which would help them change their current conditions and improve their lives for the better, and the least expensive, due to their poor financial conditions imposed on them by the clan. The role of the tribal judiciary is considered important in limiting or minimizing the negative effects resulting from the tribal clan by creating suitable conditions for those arriving by the act of jealousy. In this way, it examines one of the social problems that the society suffers from in order to find some solutions, and to achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of data collection, and a regular random sample was chosen, and the study concluded with a set of recommendations, the most important of which were: Increasing awareness and education through means The media, about the damage caused by al-Jawwah in terms of harm within a society, and the acceleration of judicial procedures to absorb anger, and the creation of places designated for their reception in which the conditions for a decent life are met, and the state’s provision of material and security assistance to al-Jawa’s recipients to reduce the burdens and problems resulting from the jail, and the state’s distribution of community families on More than one area; To reduce overcrowding in public places, schools, transportation, and universities.</p> Ahallam Abdul Karim Al- Lassasmeh Copyright (c) 2020 Ahallam Abdul Karim Al- Lassasmeh 2020-09-05 2020-09-05 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7178 USAGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGES OF TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS <p>The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the use of multimedia presentations in the process of teaching a foreign language to students of technical universities. The educational process uses multimedia encyclopedias, tutors, tutorials, tests and individual assignments. However, in the educational process of higher education, the use of electronic presentations is the most acceptable way of using a computer that helps to competently organize the learning process, since the degree of assimilation of audiovisual information is very high.<br>The interactivity of the presentation makes it the most popular form of communication visualization in life. Presentations serve not only to present knowledge when studying new material, presenting new information, but also to control them, consolidate what has been passed, work out educational skills and skills, repeat the practical application of the acquired knowledge, abilities, skills, generalization, systematization of knowledge, therefore, they successfully perform didactic functions.<br>The basic requirements for the creation of multimedia presentations, their use and the principles of organizing this form of education are described. Presentations can support discussion. With the use of information technology, the very concept of education is currently changing.<br>The article discusses new principles of a specific nature. allowing to form presentation competence necessary for various activities in the curriculum, productive plans and in real life, and in the future - the formation of the media culture of the future professional.</p> Aliyeva Begim-khanim Boyuk Aga Copyright (c) 2020 Aliyeva Begim-khanim Boyuk Aga 2020-09-07 2020-09-07 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7179 PROBLEMS IN REFORMATION OF MEDICAL HEIs IN KYRGYZSTAN <p>The article deals with problems of medical HEIs in the Kyrgyz Republic, related to transition from the model of directive management to a new educational policy. Integration of Kyrgyz education to international modern standards in terms of ensuring quality of education.</p> Ainazik M. Omurzakova Copyright (c) 2020 Ainazik M. Omurzakova 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7180 LITERARY ENVIRONMENT OF BAKU – ABSHERON AT THE END OF XIX AND BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY <p>Baku-Absheron has been famous as the land of poetry, mugham and art from the ancient times. Names of many representatives such as science, literature, music and art, born and grew up on the Absheron Peninsula bringing fame not only to our country, but also to the every corner of the world.<br>Without any words, culture − was clearly presented in Baku, which has been built as the great city. But poetry and art was one of the great means not only in all Azerbaijan, in Baku and its villages also, people not only in literary Mejlis, but in the family parties : when the guests comes , around the table, at weddings, in educational institutions and in other places, for enjoying soul, for sharing sorrows, for hearty enjoying, and for respecting each-other they read poems. People of Baku and Absheron mostly loved ghazelles, listened with great love and enjoyed from gazelles, which performed by the mugham singers. For this reason, almost, all poets, who grew up in the literary environment of Baku and Absheron based their creativity mainly on gazelles, but at the same time they also wrote odes, couplets, and elegies.</p> Sabina Akhmedova Copyright (c) 2020 Sabina Akhmedova 2020-08-23 2020-08-23 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7192 PARADOXES AT LEXICAL, SYNTACTIC, AND TEXTUAL LEVELS <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The presented article aims to study the problem of contradictory concepts, ideas by discussing oxymoron and antithesis, to give an outline of these very important and frequently used stylistic devices, their peculiarities and classification; also, to identify those new classes which were revealed after meticulously studying the material under investigation. Exactly these classes are the novelty that is suggested in the given article. Besides, the article studies contradictory themes developed in the text what we call a textual paradox.</p> </div> </div> </div> Nino Kemertelidze Meri Giorgadze Copyright (c) 2020 The authors 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7193 THE IMPORTANCE OF NAMES IN T. S. ELIOT’S POETRY <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Names are of great importance in Thomas Stearns Eliot’s poetry. He chooses titles to provide a general overview of a particular poem. The author used a variety of names in his literary activity to intrigue the reader’s curiosity. In this article, we will discuss the titles related to musical terms. Here proper names will be analyzed in detail. Names the poet utilizes in his poetry are of different origins: some of them are mythological heroes, others are formed just by combining the letters, and some are acquaintances or place names. Due to T. Eliot’s conversion, the naming of personages underwent a religious transformation. The character names with negative meanings preoccupy his early poems. They are associated with animals who only rely on their basic instincts, the living deads who only exist physically, infertile and unloving creatures that betray each other. After changing of faith, he added Christian names to power his poetry. We will lay stress on the formation, usage, relation of titles, and analyze how they identify the poetry.</p> </div> </div> </div> Nurlana Akhundova Copyright (c) 2020 Nurlana Akhundova 2020-09-04 2020-09-04 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7194 INFLUENCE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES ON HUMAN RIGHTS: POSITIVE INFLUENCE, RISKS, TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS <p>The article is devoted to the impact of digital technologies on human rights. The author examines the positive impact of digital technologies on human rights, as well as the negative consequences of digitalization on human rights. The article provides an overview of international standards in this area, examines foreign countries for the protection of human rights in the context of digital transformation. Particular attention is paid to the consideration of measures taken in Uzbekistan in this direction. In conclusion, the author puts forward a number of recommendations for improving international and national mechanisms for ensuring and protecting human rights in the context of digital transformation.</p> Firuza Khamdamova Copyright (c) 2020 Firuza Khamdamova 2020-09-10 2020-09-10 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7195 PECULIARITIES OF THE PHENOMENON OF POLITICAL LEADERSHIP IN POST-SOVIET GEORGIA <p>The socio-political processes developed in Georgia in the 90s of the twentieth century led to the political transformation of the country. The political changes that began during this period led to the ideological and value transformation of elite structures, including procedural changes in the mechanisms of elite circulation. All this was reflected in the country's domestic and foreign policy.<br>In Georgian reality, the main part of the society is focused on a specific political figure, however, the elite groups united around this leader differ from each other in their values and ideological orientation. At the same time, all post-Soviet political leaders followed different paths of accumulating social and political capital, which became an important component of developing their individual political charisma.<br>The article discusses the features of 4 political leaders of post-Soviet Georgia (Z. Gamsakhurdia, E. Shevardnadze, M. Saakashvili, B. Ivanishvili) and the political processes related to them.</p> Levan Nikoleishvili Tamar Kiknadze Copyright (c) 2020 The authors 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 6(27) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092020/7196