International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science <p style="line-height: 1.6;"><strong>Original and Review articles</strong><br>p-ISSN: 2544-9338<br>e-ISSN: 2544-9435<br>DOI: 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss<br>OCLC Number: 1036501433<br>Publisher - RS Global Sp. z O.O., Poland<br>Subject areas: Social Sciences</p> RS Global Sp. z O.O. en-US International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science 2544-9338 <p>All articles are published in open-access and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). Hence, authors retain copyright to the content of the articles.<br>CC BY 4.0 License allows content to be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, re-published or otherwise re-used for any purpose including for adaptation and commercial use provided the content is attributed.</p> COLLECTIVE TRAUMA IN REFUGEE LITERATURE (BASED ON ALMANACS – 14 GIGABYTES AND HALLELUIAH) <p>Theories of traumatic memory are uniquely topical in modern theoretical discourse, Collective trauma is a complex of psychological sensations, which is formed in witnesses or participants of tragic events, who have to deal with psychological stigma. Theoretical framework about the collective trauma is relevant to events that have taken place in Georgia, as the epochal tragedy has changed ethnic and cultural environment in Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region. As the subject of research, we have defined the almanacs reflecting Georgian-Abkhazian and Georgian-Ossetian (provoked by the third force) conflicts: 14 Gigabytes and Halleluiah. Uniqueness of 14 Gigabytes is reasoned by the concept set by the editor (Nana Gaprindashvili) and the complier of the almanac (Tea Kalandia) – 14 narrators tell about the Abkhazian episode of Russian-Georgian war. Personal stories create the monumental canvas-reflection of the feelings of youth who have been deprived of childhood. Authors of the poetic almanac Halleluiah published in 2018, under the editorship of Mzia Khetaguri, are united under refugee stigma, pain caused by losing homes, trauma, which marks each of the texts like an unhealed wound. It must be emphasized that in none of the researched authors’ texts reflects hostility or aggression towards “conflicting sides” or even the main provoking power – Russia. The presented discourse allows us to confirm the research hypothesis: conflicts provoked by Russia have forced Georgian population of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali Region to leave their homes, to go through the horrors of war. Refugees have to deal with the stigma of being refugees and grave experience of collective trauma, which is creatively transformed, reflexed in the almanacs 14 Gigabytes and Halleluiah.</p> Nino Mindiashvili Nana Kutsia Copyright (c) 2021 Nino Mindiashvili, Nana Kutsia 2021-11-12 2021-11-12 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7695 TRANSFORMATION OF WESTERN PODILLIA TRADITIONAL DANCE IN THE CONTEXT OF REGIONAL FESTIVAL MOVEMENT <p>The article covers the issue of transformation of traditional dance in the context of festival movement in the particular region and Ukraine as a whole. The research article analyses the functioning of art folklore festivals on the territory of Western Podillia. The study investigates the organization of art festivals of the region in historical and chronological perspective and presents the key tasks for their holding. The article partially covers the activities of some dance and folk-ritual groups of Western Podillia, which are active participants and popularisers of folk art, in particular of local traditional dances. The study reveals the issues related to the functioning and development of traditional dance in terms of folklorism, which is implemented during the «Ternopil talismans», regional festival of folk crafts, folklore and choreography, which hosts the «Ternopil Polka», festival of authentic dance (Ternopil); «Red guilder-rose», folk dance festival (Ternopil); «Bells of Lemko region», All-Ukrainian festival of Lemko culture (Bychova tract of Monastyryskyi district); «Embroidery blossoms in Borshchiv region», annual All-Ukrainian Folklore and Art Festival (Borshchiv) and other local festivals. The article highlights the importance of organizing and holding regional local holidays and folklore and art festivals in the context of the revival of the national and cultural identity of Western Podillia as an integral part of Ukraine.</p> Liudmyla Shchur Bohdan Vodianyi Valentyna Vodiana Copyright (c) 2021 Liudmyla Shchur, Bohdan Vodianyi, Valentyna Vodiana 2021-11-12 2021-11-12 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7696 LANGUAGE AND STYLE PROBLEMS OF TRANSLATION OF JORGE GORDON BYRON'S "EASTERN POEMS" INTO AZERBAIJANI LANGUAGE <p>On the one hand, the image of the translated examples of “Oriental Poems” gives a full picture of the talent of J.G. Byron, on the other hand, it clarifies the talent and ability of the translator in the field of translation, the use of language, its poetic layer, richness of phrases. The expressiveness created by artistic figures, phraseological combinations, as well as fixed word patterns, shows a perfect fullness at the level of speech etiquette within the text. Phraseological units come to the fore as a component of imagery and a means of providing it throughout the text.</p> Minaya Mammadova Copyright (c) 2021 Minaya Mammadova 2021-11-26 2021-11-26 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7697 PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF EMOTIONAL INSTABILITY IN ADOLESCENTS <p>The article presents an overview of the problem of the affective sphere of adolescents on both theoretical and empirical levels. Its relevance and, at the same time, the prospect for further research is justified. It was revealed that the emotional life of persons of pubertal period is differently disclosed in the scientific heritage of foreign scientists, but insufficiently covered in the domestic. Correlations between the emotional experiences of adolescents and their relationships with parents, peers; gender identity; eating disorders, etc., were established. Against the background of emphasizing the influence of various external psychological factors in the life of an adolescent, the topic of the intrapersonal, psychological potential of persons of this age remains open. Taking into account the topicality of the problem of emotional instability of teenagers, we aimed to find out in detail, from an empirical point of view, the internal psychological reasons of this phenomenon. For this purpose, the ascertaining experiment was carried out which involved 300 pupils of 6-7 and 8-9 forms of the general secondary educational institutions of the Ternopil region (Berezhanska Secondary School № 1 and Berezhanska Secondary School № 2). Respondents were offered specific, according to the formulated scientific problem, a package of psychodiagnostic techniques, directed to the research of features of the level of manifestation as well as categories of hypothetical factors of emotional stability of adolescents. The next stage of the study involved processing the data by factor analysis using the capabilities of Microsoft Excel and SPSS 21 software. As a result, 10 psychological factors that cause emotional instability in adolescents were identified. Among them: imbalance of self-esteem and personal abilities, personal insecurity compensated by self-control, low resistance to stress, impulsiveness against insecurity, dissonance in the assessment of one's own self, motivational polarity, emotional uncertainty, public insecurity, uncertainty in own abilities, confident behavior. The prospect of our study is the development and practical implementation of social psychological training as a means of correcting dysregulation of the affective sphere of personality and the development of their emotional stability.</p> Gurak Halyna Dolynska Lyubov Copyright (c) 2021 Gurak Halyna, Dolynska Lyubov 2021-12-09 2021-12-09 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7705 CROATIA'S SECESSION FROM THE SFRY AND THE SERBO-CROATIAN WAR <p>This article is devoted to Croatia's secession from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) and the consequences of such actions. It describes the period from 1990 to January 1992.<br>In the early 1990s, Croats began to advocate for the creation of their independent national republic. These aspirations were not supported by the Croatian Serbs, who constituted a significant percentage of the population of Croatia. Croatian Serbs were not ready to lose their links with Serbia and other Serb communities of the SFRY and to become a national minority within the Croatian state. The divergence of views on the future of Croatia led to a rapid increase in tensions between the two ethnic groups, which ultimately led to an open armed confrontation between the citizens of the same subject of the SFRY. The presence on the territory of Croatia of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) worsened the situation, as JNA actively participated in the conflict on the side of the Croatian Serbs. The conflict's parties could not independently come to a peaceful settlement. The Croats and Serbs agreed only to a temporary ceasefire and the UN peacekeeping contingent into the conflict zone. The parties made such steps only under pressure from the international community, which singled out these two conditions as necessary for international recognition of Croatia and the lifting of economic sanctions over the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), from which Croatian Serbs were dependent.</p> Yuliya Dzemyanovich Copyright (c) 2021 Yuliya Dzemyanovich 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7706 EDUCATION LEVEL OF WOMEN AND MANIFESTATIONS OF BIRTH RATE DECLINE: THE RELEVANT CHALLENGES IN ARMENIA <p>This article is dedicated to the study of the interrelation between the education level of women and the birth rate. One of the essential lessons in the demographic history of the world countries is that the high birth rate recorded during the last century was temporary; it is already evident that the world birth rate has halved and tends to decline further. The level of education and employment of women are among the factors that underlie the decrease in the birth rate. Numerous studies prove that this relation is reversed. Like some other countries in the world, there is narrow reproduction in Armenia, which is mainly caused by changes in the education level, employment, mindset of women and their role in the family.</p> Meri Badalyan Lusine Karapetyan Copyright (c) 2021 Meri Badalyan, Lusine Karapetyan 2021-12-15 2021-12-15 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7707 ON THE ISSUE OF INFORMATION INTERACTION IN THE TESTING LABORATORY OF WHEELED VEHICLES: RECORDS MANAGEMENT ASPECT <p>The documentary aspect of information interaction of the laboratory for testing of wheeled vehicles is analyzed. The main components of information interaction are identified, which are information infrastructure, information resources and information security. The automated information system used in the activities of the laboratory for testing wheeled vehicles, as well as the main types of documents created and used by the laboratory are described. The subjects of information interaction of the laboratory with which information is exchanged, including documents, have been identified. The documentation of the management system of the training-research-production motor transport laboratory has been systematized. The main traditional and electronic information resources used in the activities of the training-research-production motor transport laboratory are determined. Measures to ensure the protection of information are described, which consist in the use of a qualified electronic signature for identification in an automated information system, as well as for the signing of electronic documents.</p> Laba Oksana Zakhara Ihor Copyright (c) 2021 Laba Oksana, Zakhara Ihor 2021-12-16 2021-12-16 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7708 ARMENIAN ASHUGH ART OF THE 18th CENTURY <p>Ashugh art is a pan-Eastern tradition that stems from the cultural origins of the peoples of the Middle East and the Caucasus. The stages of formation and development of Armenian troubadour art are still of great interest today. It should be noted that even today new facts and materials are discovered that need to be observed and studied. In the XVIII century we should already talk about the activities of the Armenian troubadour centers. In this article we have touched upon the important features of the centers established by the Armenian ashughs in Tiflis and New Julfa.</p> Asatryan A. H. Harutyunyan H. H. Khachatryan D. K. Copyright (c) 2021 Asatryan A. H., Harutyunyan H. H., Khachatryan D. K. 2021-12-17 2021-12-17 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7732 SAYAT NOVA AND THE ARMENIAN ASHUGH ART <p>The article is dedicated to the problems of the creative heritage of the famous Armenian troubadour Sayat Nova. The poetic legacy of this great singer of man, love, beauty and justice is one of the most striking revelations of the Armenian (and not only Armenian) creative genius. Thanks to its universal human character, nationality, social richness and unique poetic art, the word Sayat-Nova still sounds today with the same force, in tune with the most intimate feelings of the human soul. The popularity of Sayat-Nova's poetry, in particular among the peoples of the Caucasus, is absolutely exceptional. Sayat-Nova is an outstanding musician-inventor and there is a regular need to reflect on new developments in the study of his song heritage.</p> Harutyunyan H. H. Asatryan A. H. Khachatryan D. K. Copyright (c) 2021 Harutyunyan H. H., Asatryan A. H., Khachatryan D. K. 2021-12-18 2021-12-18 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7733 THE ROLE OF ARTISTIC DESCRIPTION IN THE EXPRESSION OF CONTENT <p>The artistic description, with its quality, gives the text a new poetic character and provides an interpretation of the content in the aesthetic structure. The description not only increased the artistic and aesthetic quality of literary works, but also enriched them in terms of language and style. Like many writers who took advantage of the descriptive potential of the Azerbaijani language, which is characteristic of the early twentieth century, Seyid Hussein also created successful poetic figures. Based on his creative style, he formed a unique style of description, and in this regard, managed to create authentic works at the level of figurative literary and artistic language. In Seyid Hussein's stories, the description is multifaceted and has become an expression form of different attitudes, feelings and thoughts. Using description methods, the writer not only narrates the subject, does not draw the external and internal qualities of the images, does not give a poetic picture of place and time. He delivers to the reader the psychological moods of characters, their effects on their situations and actions, feelings and thoughts to the reader in a poetic language. Artistic description played the role of illuminating the dark worlds of the characters in the stories.</p> Tahmina Valiyeva Copyright (c) 2021 Tahmina Valiyeva 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7734 THE CURRENT SITUATION AND FUTURE TRENDS OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN MONGOLIA <p>It might be determined that "Evaluation of Social Media" is the process of world globalization and development of civilization, which is entirely changing principles of the relationship between individual and society, updating into the innovative stage of exploration, procession, and use of information, and completely changing the typical ideas of traditional behavior of people's living and socializing, and creating extraordinary new impacts. Otherwise, the evaluation of media is a vital impact on the development of social relations for civilization. The roles of social rose a year to year and the growth of 2000 - 2021 reached 64 percent (Table1) the scope and impacts of which are increasing a lot. If people can properly use Social Media and obtain good skills on adequate use in the current society, "Social Media" enables a lot of unpredictable active good opportunities of participating in active social life to express own opinions and activity freely despite space and time, expand business activities, improve education, and find like-minded people and combine efforts. The main standard of development of world countries is the relationship between individual and society, the use of Information Technology and Social Media. Without humans, there is no information vs. without information, there is no society. Currently, Social Media tools are the key bridge for social existence, development, and relations.</p> Oyuntsetseg Densmaa Gerelchimeg Kaliinaa Tuul Sembeejav Copyright (c) 2021 Oyuntsetseg Densmaa, Gerelchimeg Kaliinaa, Tuul Sembeejav 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7735 THE INVESTIGATION OF THE GRAMMATICAL AND LEXICAL POLYSEMY IN THE COMPARATIVE LANGUAGES <p>The issue of investigation of polysemy is one of the actual problems in the linguistics. Words are realized in relation to each other (nouns in certain areas, or verbs with adjectives, nouns), and can serve to express a certain meaning. Therefore, to study the semantic nature of words, we can rely on contextual analysis, follow it as a fact of language and speech, and as a result, we can see that words have different meanings in language. Models in terms of having common-integral properties (semantic-grammatical) of the set of words in the dictionary, which creates a linguistic picture of the objective world, are grouped in certain areas in the form of subsystems, and these areas are separated from each other by different colored "borders" on the dictionary map on the basis of paradigmatic features. The set of words in each field can fall into a certain "normal" syntagmatic processing environment, which is regulated by different linguistic features. For words in the "foreign" field, any word exceeds the normal parameter of the set that enters. İts field When it falls into the normal working environment, syntactic and logical environment, the language unit acquires a new property, polysemy or poetism emerges. In the world of "reality", the world of "language" does not coincide with each other, there is no correspondence between them, so in linguistic semantic analysis the "linguistic landscape of the world" is studied.</p> Mammadova Shalala Adishirin Copyright (c) 2021 Mammadova Shalala Adishirin 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7736 THE USE OF "URBAN" AND "RURAL" INTERRELATION IN AMERICAN MEDIA DISCOURSE IN METONYMS <p>This article is devoted to the study of the metonymic expressions “urban” and “rural” in the American media discourse. In this article, we tried to study metonymy within the framework of the modern scientific paradigm of cognitive linguistics. It is known that in cognitive linguistics there are three approaches to metonymy, which consider metonymy as a conceptual phenomenon, a fundamental method of understanding reality and one of the mechanisms of cognitive modeling: 1) the theory of prototypes and idealized cognitive models; 2) the theory of frame semantics; 3) the theory of conceptual semantics. In studying metonymy on the basis of these theories, the views of linguists such as J. Lakoff, M. Johnson, Z. Kövecses, YV Paducheva were referred to. The article cites and explores newspaper examples to illustrate the metonyms “urban” and “rural” in American media discourse.</p> Bekirova Aynura Nizami Copyright (c) 2021 Bekirova Aynura Nizami 2021-12-24 2021-12-24 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7737 TEXT AS A PRAGMATIC ASPECT <p>The structural analysis, as one of the types of descriptive approach, has traditionally been used to study the linguistic units in hierarchy. This analysis has made great contribution to all levels, including the level of syntax because syntax is by nature hierarchic. In sentence we cannot say or write two things at the same time. The sentences have to be presented one after the other, in linear order. Therefore the problem is how to signal hierarchies through linear presentation. One of such attempts has been made by the representatives of Prague School of Linguistics (Mathesius, 1967). The `Praguean` influence has been widespread and long-lasting. Its main emphasis lay on the analysis of language as a system of functionally related units. The notion `unit` reminds in some way the Saussurean influence. In particular, it led to the distinction between the phonetic and the phonological analysis of sounds, the analysis of the phoneme into distinctive features as well as of the theme-rheme or communicative structure of sentence.</p> Bashirova Gulnar Rasim Copyright (c) 2021 Bashirova Gulnar Rasim 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 4(32) 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30122021/7738