International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science 2024-06-30T00:00:00+00:00 RS Global, Editorial office (journals department) Open Journal Systems <p style="line-height: 1.5;"><strong>p-ISSN:</strong> 2544-9338<br><strong>e-ISSN:</strong> 2544-9435<br><strong>DOI:</strong> 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss<br><strong>OCLC Number:</strong> 1036501433<br><strong>Publisher:</strong> RS Global Sp. z O.O., Poland<br><strong>Subject area:</strong> Social Sciences<br><strong>Submission to publication:</strong> 49 days<br><strong><span class="sc-hwwEjo cdchLr">Acceptance rate: </span></strong><span class="sc-kPVwWT hZDpyF">55%</span></p> ANALYSIS OF CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECT ON EXTREME PRECIPITATION EVENT IN CONSTANTINE ALGERIA 2024-04-27T21:48:00+00:00 Sara Sahnoune Khellaf Imane Meghzili Marwa <p>Extreme precipitation events are critical climatic indicators that offer substantial insights into climate change and its variability. This study aims to investigate whether climate change has impacted precipitation frequencies in the Constantine region of Algeria, known for its semi-arid climate with hot-dry summers and cold-wet winters. Temporal variations of monthly air temperature and precipitation were analyzed from 1981 to 2014. Statistical analysis identified a threshold for estimating monthly extreme precipitation during the period from 1981 to 2005 using the Gumbel distribution method. Additionally, a climatic projection of precipitation for return periods of 50 (t = 50) and 100 (t = 100) years was conducted to forecast extreme precipitation values in the future. The results indicate a gradual increase in precipitation levels during the study period, with values generally remaining below extreme thresholds. This suggests no significant escalation in the occurrence of extreme precipitation events. Furthermore, the findings highlight that climate change has had a more pronounced impact on altering air temperature than on influencing extreme precipitation trends.</p> 2024-04-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Sara Sahnoune, Khellaf Imane, Meghzili Marwa THE USE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY IN UNIVERSITY LEARNING THROUGH A BIBLIOMETRIC APPROACH 2024-05-12T16:02:20+00:00 Salima Rayane Kadri Assia Kadri Imane Fantazi Nadjwa El Afri <p>The article proposes a bibliometric analysis of digitalization in higher education. Based on research conducted in October 2023, the study explored 967 articles in the Web of Science (WOS) database. It highlights the growing importance of digitalization in higher education institutions and explores emerging trends in teaching practices and learning patterns. The study reveals a spike in publications in 2021-2022, likely in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the transition to online learning. The most active countries in publications on the subject are Russia and Germany accounting for more than 45% of articles. In addition, the analysis of bibliographic networks identified collaborations between authors and the most cited articles, while the analysis of key terms highlighted important research topics such as e-learning and digitalization.</p> <p>This bibliometric study sheds valuable light on an abundant field of research at the heart of the current transformations in higher education. However, additional analyses are needed to follow the rapid evolution of digital education in all its richness and diversity.</p> 2024-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Salima Rayane Kadri, Assia Kadri, Imane Fantazi, Nadjwa El Afri BIM: A COLLABORATIVE APPROACH TO ARCHITECTURAL PROJECT MANAGEMENT 2024-05-23T03:45:50+00:00 Nawal Benmicia Lakhdar Belarbi <p>At the present time, digital technology has fundamentally altered both our daily lives and professional environments. New tools and software have emerged, becoming crucial across various fields, including urban development, by replacing traditional methods. Among these technological advancements is Building Information Modeling (BIM), also known as Better Information Management, which has evolved into a collaborative management process integrating architectural projects.</p> <p>BIM relies on technologies and solutions that intelligently model and structure the different stakeholders involved in a project. It creates a virtual environment that accurately represents buildings and urban spaces, including their geometry, spatial organizations, functionalities, and other significant information.</p> <p>This contribution aims to examine the challenges associated with using BIM as a collaborative project management process in architecture. It also seeks to explore new strategies that promote the efficiency and quality of architectural projects.</p> 2024-05-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Nawal Benmicia, Lakhdar Belarbi URBAN REHABILITATION OF THE CITY CENTER OF ORAN (ALGERIA): A RECONCILIATION WITH THE COLONIAL HERITAGE? 2024-06-04T01:30:22+00:00 Fatima Zohra Bekri Brahim Nouiabat Sid-Ahmed Souiah <p>This research paper delves into the emerging interest in heritage preservation concerning the rehabilitation of buildings inherited from the colonial era in the city center of Oran. It addresses several key aspects: an examination of the urban history of Oran and the development of its city center, tracing the architectural and urban planning movements that have influenced it. Particularly, it explores the reappropriation of spaces following Algeria's independence in 1962, marked by the significant exodus of the European population and the subsequent implementation of a rental system managed by a public entity, the Office of Promotion and Real Estate Management. A postcolonial retrospective allows for an analysis of the degradation resulting from this management approach and the subsequent deterioration of buildings since the full transfer of ownership of these "State Assets" in 1981. The initial diagnosis, conducted in 2008, emphasizes the urgency for public intervention and justifies the subsequent rehabilitation efforts.</p> 2024-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Fatima Zohra Bekri, Sid-Ahmed Souiah, Brahim Nouiabat LEVELS DEVELOPMENT IN MOUNTAIN MUNICIPALITIES AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS IN RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS [CASE STUDIES OF MUNICIPALITIES IN THE AURES REGION] 2024-06-04T01:54:39+00:00 Khemri Souhila Meddour Oualid Redjal Omar <p>The article examines the levels of development in the mountain municipalities of the Aures region and their relationship to the regional development that the region is experiencing through several indicators that we will discuss in the classification. Since the study area belongs to the Aures massif, where geographical data partially converge, the article aims to understand the elements that led to the change in the image of the (old) mountain area and led to spatial, economic, social, functional, and especially environmental transformations, which have made the region increasingly vulnerable. The regional development in the mountain areas has not been related to industrial development and local economic growth, which has made the urban growth a burden on local development in these areas rather than a factor of progress within them. After discussing the classification of the centers comprising the region, which varied in their levels according to the administrative status, the date of obtaining the promotion, the relationship of the centers to the road axes, and the origin of the establishment, we will discuss the classification of the municipalities based on a set of indicators to search for an explanation of the reality occurring in the study area. We relied on the rank correlation matrix to understand the reasons for the disparities in the level of development among municipalities and to provide analyses of the results reached. We utilized 20 indicators, and the result of development in the municipalities was varied: the municipality of Arris witnessed good development, four municipalities had acceptable development, three municipalities had development from average to weak, and three municipalities had very weak development. The disparities were large, from the highest level to the lowest level of development. Several factors and reasons contributed to the development of some municipalities and the marginalization of others.</p> 2024-05-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Khemri Souhila, Meddour Oualid, Redjal Omar ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN QUALITY BETWEEN BIM COLLABORATIVE LOGIC AND TRADITIONAL CAD LOGIC 2024-06-07T02:53:14+00:00 Khalid Zaouia Said Mazouz <p>Building Information Modeling, often referred to as BIM, is considered an essential part of the design and construction process in many countries. The aim of this study is to test the application of this system in relation to traditional computer aide design (CAD) and to characterize the possible contribution of BIM to architectural quality. The analysis model consists of modeling the design process through an exercise proposed to student architects. The proposed solutions were subjected to a detailed statistical analysis in order to characterize the contribution of BIM elements to design quality. The results show that out of five evaluation criteria, four are in favor of BIM, with a percentage of 80%. For the functionality criteria, the results of the BIM approach and those of CAD are reconciled for the remaining 20%. This research confirms that architectural design using BIM tools, even with a low level of collaboration, leads to a higher quality design than the traditional CAD-based approach.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Khalid Zaouia, Said Mazouz EXAMINING THE INFLUENCE OF TIKTOK ON ANOREXIA NERVOSA: A SOCIAL MEDIA PERSPECTIVE - LITERATURE REVIEW 2024-06-07T03:07:03+00:00 Oliwia Krzemień Kinga Kosiec Natalia Karpowicz Natalia Pacocha Julia Kaszucka Justyna Popczyńska Agnieszka Raczyńska Małgorzata Krzyżanowska Marta Zgierska Jakub Jędrychowski <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a condition classified as an eating disorder that is characterised by a distorted perception of the image of the body. This leads to pathological behaviour caused by the fear of gaining weight. AN has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder and many starvation-related complications. The incidence of AN appears to be stable, but is increasing in younger patients, especially those under the age of 15. Given the global popularity of the mobile application TikTok, especially among adolescents, we conducted a literature review to examine the impact of this application on anorexia. Research indicates that the use of the TikTok application does affect self-perception. Despite the application's ban on content related to eating disorders, it is still possible to find and interact with such material. There are communities on the platform that support each other in recovery, as well as in persevering through the illness. The work highlights the complexity of the problem.</span></p> 2024-05-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Oliwia Krzemień, Kinga Kosiec, Natalia Karpowicz, Natalia Pacocha, Julia Kaszucka, Justyna Popczyńska, Agnieszka Raczyńska, Małgorzata Krzyżanowska, Marta Zgierska, Jakub Jędrychowski INNOVATIONS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING AS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR OF MODERNIZATION AND IMPROVEMENT 2024-06-09T18:01:40+00:00 Isgenderova Yegane Khaleddin <p>One of the general problems in the modern methodology of teaching the English language is the problem of improving and modernization of teaching. The intensify-cation of English language teaching involves the using of: modern forms and means of teaching; new methods of cognition in teaching: computers, audio, video and etc. The requirements for the modern educational process significantly exceed the using new methods of approaching the connection between teachers and learners, transforming of knowledge and ability with different methods of teaching. And all these help learners to improve their knowledge for connection in different conditions to present individual abilities. From this point of view nowadays, the main goal of teachers' standard are not to teach the only science, but to teach of learning methods and ways. The analysis of this scientific article shows that, for learners improving innovation and modernization is the main feature of English language teaching. These methods increase the interest of teaching communication activities, the formation of listening and speaking skills on students for every foreign language teaching. As we know, many years ago, there were many problems on using of technology in education system. But nowadays, improving all kinds of technology and their using increase and all these help learners to get information on all spheres of language teaching ways, improve their thoughts on their skills and abilities. All these ways and methods take place in this article.</p> 2024-05-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Isgenderova Yegane Khaleddin ASSESSMENT OF THE SPATIAL APPROPRIATENESS OF THE FUTURE URBANIZATION OF THE CITY OF (AIN BEIDA, ALGERIA) USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS, THE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS, AND THE DELPHI METHOD 2024-06-10T01:20:21+00:00 Amina Merakchi Djamel Alkama Khalid Zaouia <p>Spatial adequacy evaluation is a valuable tool for planning land use strategies. It provides planners with data and outcomes that can help them make informed decisions to ensure effective and secure utilization of land in future urbanization processes.&nbsp; The objective of this study is to analyze the urbanization patterns in the city of Ain El Beida to determine the most appropriate areas for urban development. The aim is to create self-sustaining growth centers that effectively support the city, while also helping decision-makers address current expansions and protect agricultural lands. The study utilized spatial analysis methodology to evaluate and map the suitability of expanding the city's future space. It proposed an integration strategy that combined modern methods and techniques of the Delphi methodology to establish criteria for appropriate land use. The influence of these criteria will be analyzed spatially by administering a questionnaire to a sample of specialists in urban planning and city geography, followed by the application of spatial analyst techniques. The user's text is straightforward and precise. within the GIS framework, integrated via the analytic hierarchy approach. The user's text is straightforward and precise. To evaluate the suitability of the spatial location, to determine the significance of the factors influencing the expansion process based on their relative importance, to ensure that the desired goals are achieved in a way that reflects the priority of the decision-making criteria, and to identify the most favorable options for urban development in the study area. The findings indicated that the optimal locations for the urban growth of Ein El-Baida were determined to be 239.57 hectares, which accounts for 26.31 per cent of the entire land area under investigation. These areas are situated on the northern side of the city along National Road 80 (Ain Beida Presh) and on the western side along National Road 10 (Oum el-Bouaghi Ain Beida). These locations have been identified as the most suitable areas for spatial expansion due to their numerous incentives for urban attraction. Firstly, there is a considerable distance from the fertile and generously compensated agricultural areas, which offer unoccupied and level terrain, as well as its proximity to the central area of the pristine city of Ein. The study also determined that integrating GIS with hierarchy is crucial for constructing spatial models that accurately represent physical reality through mathematical means. This integration aids planners in selecting the most appropriate alternatives for urbanization and achieving comprehensive development of the city.</p> 2024-05-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Amina Merakchi, Djamel Alkama, Khalid Zaouia WASTE RECOVERY IN ALGERIA BETWEEN A ROCK AND A RESCUE 2024-06-11T01:22:42+00:00 Rofia Abada <p>Since the year 2000, Algeria has been committed to improving the quality of the environment and enhancing the quality of life for its citizens. Efforts have been made to achieve efficient, integrated waste management. The fact is that we are facing a major shock, and for some years now, the state has been showing shortcomings in the field, which demonstrates that the resources deployed need to be strengthened and consolidated. To cushion this shock, we need to come to the rescue with solutions and proposals. This work aims to propose efficient solutions that involve users in waste collection and sorting. To achieve this, we first need to understand the behavior of users by measuring the waste generated and collected, because the majority of citizens want to sort waste, but in reality, this is still not respected.</p> 2024-05-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Rofia Abada