International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science 2023-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 RS Global, Editorial office (journals department) Open Journal Systems <p style="line-height: 1.5;"><strong>p-ISSN:</strong> 2544-9338<br><strong>e-ISSN:</strong> 2544-9435<br><strong>DOI:</strong> 10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss<br><strong>OCLC Number:</strong> 1036501433<br><strong>Publisher:</strong> RS Global Sp. z O.O., Poland<br><strong>Subject area:</strong> Social Sciences<br><strong>Submission to publication:</strong> 49 days<br><strong><span class="sc-hwwEjo cdchLr">Acceptance rate: </span></strong><span class="sc-kPVwWT hZDpyF">55%</span></p> TERRORISM AS A THREAT TO BORDER SECURITY 2023-07-13T03:04:45+00:00 Hafiz Musayev <p>The article gives a general description of terrorism. Including the development trends of terrorism in the modern era. The article mainly examines terrorism as a threat to border security. Attention is paid to the close links between terrorism and the drug trade as a threat to border security. The characteristics of the activities of terrorist organizations are also touched upon, and the activity of Armenia as a state that implements and supports terrorism is investigated. Opinions of researchers in this field are reported. At the end, appropriate conclusions are drawn.</p> 2023-07-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Hafiz Musayev THE ROLE OF THE APPLICATION OF MODERN MILITARY TECHNOLOGICAL ACHIEVEMENTS IN ACHIEVING AZERBAIJAN'S MILITARY SUCCESS 2023-07-13T03:12:57+00:00 Hafiz Musayev <p>The article examines the role of the use of modern technologies in achieving the military successes of Azerbaijan. It explores the role of recent technological development in various spheres of society, especially achievements in the field of communications and information technology, the launch of three telecom¬munication satellites of Azerbaijan into orbit, production of products meeting high standards at enterprises of the Ministry of&nbsp; Defense Industry, increasing the role of local production in providing our Army with weapons, as well as the role of modern technologies in achieving Azerbaijan's victory in the Patriotic War.The article uses such methods of studying socio-economic processes as specific-historical, comparative analysis, scientific generalization.</p> 2023-07-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Hafiz Musayev THE STUDY OF THE HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY OF NAKHCHIVAN IN THE 19TH-20TH CENTURIES IN THE PERİOD OF INDEPENDENCE IN AZERBAIJANI HISTORIOGRAPHY 2023-07-28T02:09:46+00:00 Nurlana Aliyeva <p>The main goal of writing the article is to systematically analyze the research conducted in the historiography of Azerbaijan during the period of independence, related to the historical geography of Nakhchivan in the 19th and 20th centuries. One of the main issues is related to the points highlighted by the authors from Azerbaijan in the researches related to the historical geography of Nakhchivan. During the writing of the article, both general research methods and methods of a special nature for historical science were used. However, the main methods were systematic analysis and content analysis. A systematic analysis of numerous research works written in this direction was carried out and they were grouped. Later, content analysis and comparative analysis of the works were carried out separately. The conclusion is that the claims made against the territories of the country such as Karabakh and Nakhchivan were one of the main factors determining the relevance of these studies.</p> 2023-07-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Nurlana Aliyeva PROBLEMS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LESSOR'S SOME OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE LEASE AGREEMENT 2023-07-28T02:21:31+00:00 Guliyeva Shafa Teyyub <p>According to its subject, the history of the regulation of the leasing contract, which belongs to one of the types of contracts on the use of property, in the legislation and practice of Azerbaijan, is still short. So, when the Republic of Azerbaijan was part of the Soviet Union, this agreement was not in our legislation. This contract, which was implemented after Azerbaijan gained independence, was previously regulated by the Law on "Leasing Service" dated 1994. In practice, the first Azerbaijani leasing companies were established in those 90s. However, the law intended for the transitional period did not meet all the requirements, so it was soon repealed, that is, in the early 2000s. Currently, this contract is regulated by norms systematized in a separate chapter of the Civil Code of the Republic of Azerbaijan.</p> 2023-07-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Guliyeva Shafa Teyyub USING WHATSAPP AS A TOOL OF LEARNING: A SYSTEMIC LITERATURE REVIEW OF PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES 2023-07-28T02:34:29+00:00 Oluwatoyin Ayodele Ajani Nthabiseng B. Khoalenyane <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the significance of educational technologies in teaching and learning. The global pandemic led to the closure of educational institutions worldwide, prompting the widespread implementation of online learning as a substitute method for delivering curricula. The communication platform is known as WhatsApp has gained widespread adoption and extensive utilisation within the realm of education. The primary aims of this literature review are to examine the utilisation patterns and obstacles linked to the implementation of WhatsApp in the realm of education, assess the advantages and possibilities that students and facilitators can derive from utilising this platform for educational purposes, and comprehend the hindrances and restrictions that arise when employing WhatsApp in an academic environment. The literature was acquired through the utilisation of keywords that are linked to both WhatsApp and education from diverse databases. Having a thorough comprehension of current trends, potential advantages, obstacles, and gains linked to the use of WhatsApp is imperative for lecturers and administrators. Scholarly investigations have revealed a noticeable trend of lecturers and students increasingly utilising WhatsApp as a means of communication and collaboration. The objective of this literature review is to make a noteworthy contribution to the domain of education and technology through an investigation of the potential of WhatsApp as a learning tool. Additionally, this review seeks to offer valuable insights on how to effectively incorporate WhatsApp into pedagogical practices. The article underscores the significance of taking into account privacy and security concerns while utilising WhatsApp for educational objectives and puts forth recommendations for additional investigation.</p> 2023-07-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Oluwatoyin Ayodele Ajani, Nthabiseng B. Khoalenyane JOINT EFFORTS OF THE MEDIA, CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE STATE TO COUNTER RUSSIAN DISINFORMATION 2023-08-05T03:10:04+00:00 Galyna Piskorska Daria Ryzhova Anatoly Yakovets <p>The article deals with the problems of institutional support of information security in the context of the full-scale war between Russia and Ukraine. The strategies and tools used by the Ukrainian state and civil society in the field of information policy to counter disinformation have been studied. Global awareness of the need to counter the hostile narratives used by Russia against Ukraine and the West is a real way out of the threatening situation caused by massive Russian disinformation campaigns. Disinformation cannot be defeated solely by closing channels or social media pages. Success requires the joint efforts of the media, public organizations, and the state. The authors of the article conclude that the most effective strategy for countering disinformation should be based on a combination of technological techniques for removing unwanted content and ensuring the dominance of the dominant mainstream narratives of the state in its own information space and in the information space of foreign countries. The authors have carried out the research on the resistance of the young generation of Ukrainians to disinformation and determined Ukraine's goals in the information war.</p> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Galyna Piskorska, Daria Ryzhova, Anatoly Yakovets PREPARING STUDENT TEACHERS THROUGH PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHING AND LEARNING: A STUDY IN ONE RURAL UNIVERSITY OF THE EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE 2023-08-23T02:16:24+00:00 Ntando Elliot Mpahla Bulelwa Makena <p>The findings from this study indicated that the programmes of student teacher education are not implemented in totality as there is no module for Physical Education (PE) in the programmes of study in the Faculty of Education. This study aimed at investigating the preparation of student teachers through PE teaching and learning in one rural university of the Eastern Cape Province. PE teaching and learning for student teachers at a higher education institution means preparing future teachers in totality to acquire vibrant and active public schools. This study used a qualitative research methodology where data was collected from fifteen (15) participants composing of five (05) B Ed Foundation Phase Teaching student teachers, five (05) Postgraduate (PGCE) student teachers and five (05) lecturers from the Faculty of Education. Semi-structured interviews were used as instruments of data collection. Participants for the study were selected through purposive sampling because of their defining characteristics about the knowledge of the problem under study. The study concludes that it is awkward to train and develop student teachers for public schools without the knowledge of PE teaching and learning. There is a recommendation to infuse training of student teachers in PE, henceforth, as novice teachers get employment at schools, they are allocated among other duties, extra-mural activities such sport.</p> 2023-08-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ntando Elliot Mpahla, Bulelwa Makena COMPUTER APPLICATIONS TECHNOLOGY TEACHING: A CASE OF SUPPORTING SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM IMPERATIVES 2023-08-24T03:17:17+00:00 Bulelwa Makena Primrose Zameka Yengwayo <p>The purpose of this study was to determine whether Computer Applications Technology secondary school teachers receive necessary support. Qualitative approach was chosen because it incites the most important meaning from participants and best suited for small samples. As case study embedded this investigation. A case study was used for this qualitative paper with an aim to investigate whether Computer Applications Technology teaching was supported to enhance secondary school curriculum imperatives. Three participants were selected purposively from a rurally located Eastern Cape Education District. To collect data, semi-structured interviews were used. Data were analysed thematically. Findings indicated that teachers do not receive necessary support on technology use, this caused by insufficient school funds to render trainings towards upskilling human resource for expected content knowledge. The paper recommends that school authorities need to support teachers and learners as CAT is one of the vital subjects underpinning school curriculum. In conclusion, school authorities is obliged to render support towards developed computer literacy skills.</p> 2023-08-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Bulelwa Makena, Primrose Zameka Yengwayo DECOLONISATION OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHER EDUCATION CURRICULUM FOR EQUITY AND SOCIAL JUSTICE IN HIGHER EDUCATION 2023-08-26T18:34:20+00:00 Oluwatoyin Ayodele Ajani <p>The transition from apartheid to democracy came with high expectations for a speedy transformation. The education system in South Africa before 1994 was rooted in segregation and inequality among the social groups that exist in South Africa. Hence, the education system post-independence has endeavoured to provide not only physical access but also epistemological access to learning for all students. Therefore, the fundamental purpose of education is to provide an impartial and comprehensive curriculum. Pre-service teacher education is a critical component of higher education in any country. Thus, the provision of teacher education within institutions of higher learning is a crucial societal force capable of advancing a curriculum that is transformative and grounded in a framework of social justice. The objective of this research is to enhance the potential for decolonising pre-service teacher education to promote equity and inclusivity, utilising social justice. The curriculum in question revitalises social justice that prioritises the significance of the individual aspects of pedagogy, the politics of diversity, and the correlation between pedagogy and agency. The utilisation of literary voices in teacher education was deemed a valuable approach in examining the potential of social justice theory as coined by Rawls (1971), to contribute to a more inclusive and equitable teacher education curriculum, guided by transformative principles for pre-service teachers. A systematic literature review of various literature sources revealed that the integration of novel concepts and topics into teacher education is critical for transformation. The integration of indigenous knowledge, history, and languages into teaching and learning will critically engage students in knowledge, power, and being. Thus, the transformative curriculum through social justice will enhance parity and inclusiveness in the delivery of educational curricula. This research contributes to the discourse on the decolonisation process for higher education, which has long been predominantly framed in Eurocentric pedagogy in South Africa. Hence, an alternative viewpoint on pre-service teacher education curriculum calls for decolonisation using social justice theory.</p> 2023-08-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Oluwatoyin Ayodele Ajani TECHNOLOGY SELF-EFFICACY AND DIGITAL LITERACY AMONG ODL STUDENTS: THE MODERATING ROLE OF GENDER 2023-09-07T01:59:05+00:00 Sunday Abidemi Itasanmi Ayodele Oluwatoyin Ajani <p>This study investigated Open Distance Learning (ODL) students’ technology self-efficacy and digital literacy levels and how the relationship between their technology self-efficacy and digital literacy is moderated by gender. The study adopted a quantitative survey research approach and data was collected from 522 students from a selected ODL institution in Nigeria using an online survey. A structured questionnaire consisting of 3 domains namely, demographic, technology self-efficacy and digital literacy were used as a data collection instrument for the study. Data generated from the study were analysed using descriptive statistics of percentages, frequency count, mean and standard deviation while correlation and factor analyses were performed to estimate the model’s consistency and construct validity. The moderating role of gender was done using the process macro (Model 1) developed by Hayes, (2018). Results revealed amongst others that ODL students’ technology self-efficacy is very high and their digital literacy rate is high. Also, technology self-efficacy was shown to exhibit a substantial positive influence on digital literacy among the students. However, the results indicated that gender played an insignificant moderating role in the relationship between technology self-efficacy and digital literacy. Based on the results, it was recommended that efforts at increasing digitization in ODL delivery in Nigeria should take into consideration these factors. Also, policy actions aimed at engaging ODL learners in more technologically sophisticated learning platforms must be anchored on students’ belief in their ability to use the learning platforms to achieve their desired learning outcomes irrespective of their gender.</p> 2023-09-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sunday Abidemi Itasanmi, Ayodele Oluwatoyin Ajani THE IMPLICATIONS OF POPULATION AGING ON LOCAL HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURE: A 22-YEAR PANEL DATA ANALYSIS 2023-09-24T18:45:00+00:00 Eyitayo Francis Adanlawo Nomusa Yolada Nkomo <p>The purpose of this study is to examine the implications of population aging on local health expenditures in South Africa. A balanced panel of annually observed observations from South Africa over the period of 22 years (1995–2017) was used. The study used gross domestic product (GDP), health expenditure, labor force, and age structure as control variables and pooled OLS, fixed effect, and random effect tests to estimate the relationships among the variables. The results show that the old-age dependency ratio, gross domestic product (GDP), unemployment rate, and gross value added (GVA) are all explanatory variables that are related to healthcare spending and are shown as a base model in the pooled OLS. The results indicate that healthcare expenditure and the old-age dependency ratio have a positive relationship in South Africa. Considering the implications for policy, this study suggests that the South African economy should account for the aging population when policies are designed and that the government should make an effort to improve the healthcare system in order to meet the demands of elderly people.</p> 2023-09-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Eyitayo Francis Adanlawo, Nomusa Yolada Nkomo SOUTH AFRICAN DAIRY INDUSTRY AND THE USE OF INTERCULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION FOR IMPROVEMENT 2023-09-24T18:58:12+00:00 Eyitayo Francis Adanlawo Makhosazana Faith Vezi-Magigaba <p class="p1">The dairy industry is an important part of the highly diverse agricultural sector of South African economy. The industry is a significant contributor to the food security and it also provides many social and economic attributes to the nation. South Africa has the potential to be self-sufficient in milk production, the country currently imports fluid milk and processed dairy products. For the industry to attain a larger world market share, it has to be competitive. A proper and constant intercultural business communication (IBC) with nations that are advanced in the production of milk and dairy products is the key to improving the sector's competitiveness. In this regard, the study examines the role of innovative intercultural business communication for the improvement of South African dairy industry. A systematic review method was adopted for collection and analysis of data relevant to the study. Communication accommodation theory (CAT) was used to explain the<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>role<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>that communication plays in building relationship that will lead to improved production. The study revealed that intercultural business communication has the capacity to build relationships that will lead to improved production for dairy industries. The study recommends regular visitations to more advanced nations’ dairy farms and adequate training on language and culture. Based on the conclusion and recommendations, this study presents a platform for the dairy industries to think about an innovative intercultural business communication approach to be at a competitive edge in a global environment.</p> 2023-09-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Eyitayo Francis Adanlawo, Makhosazana Faith Vezi-Magigaba